Have you ever wondered if your young child is developing speech and language appropriately? Do you worry when your child doesn't communicate as clearly, or as often, as other children? Here are some developmental signs to help determine if your child (aged 0-3) has a speech and/or language impairment.
Red Flags for Speech
Cannot say p, b, m, w, h correctly in words (1-2 years old)
Cannot say k, g, t, d, f, n correctly in words (2-3 years old)
"Intelligibility" refers to how much of your child's speech is understood. Here are some estimated guidelines for intelligibility with unfamiliar listeners.
25% intelligible by age 1
50% intelligible by age 2
75% intelligible by age 3
100% intelligible by age 4
Red Flags for Language
Does not smile or interact with people (0-3 months)
Does not babble (4-7 months)
Does not wave or point (7-12 months)
Does not understand words (7-12+ months)
Does not respond to name (12 months)
Does not communicate in some way (verbal, gesture) when the child needs something (12 months)
Says a very limited amount of words (12-18 months)
Does not point to things of interest and then look at you as if to say "look at that!"
Does not put 2 words together (24 months)
Does not play or talk with other children (1.5 - 2 years)
Does not pretend play, feeding babies/driving cars/cooking (30 months)
Do NOT wait and hope your children will outgrow a communication problem. Contact a Speech-Language Pathologist if you have any concerns. There are many free/low-cost public services available for children ages 0-3.
Early identification leads to early intervention. Early intervention leads to better outcomes!